A common resource route pattern in Ember.js

26 February 2014


A very common pattern in web applications, be them server- or client side, is resource URLs. We might have a list of users that we want to show at /users and then different pages related to the user which is encoded in the URL. These might be e.g /users/dave-hopkins/activity and /users/dave-hopkins/followers.

The pattern is a top-level URL to list all the resource instances, and then separate pages to display pieces of information regarding specific resource instances.

Artists and songs

That's exactly what I did for the the Rock & Roll application, where the routes were defined as such:

1App.Router.map(function() {
2  this.resource('artists', function() {
3    this.route('songs', { path: ':slug' });
4  });

The simplest thing that works. However, the above is not ideal especially when more pages (or views, if you will) are added below the artists resource route. That's because the singular artist instance is encoded in the songs route, by having its identifier (in this case, slug) in the path of that route.

Imagine we need to add additional info about each band. Just blindly extending the above URL scheme, this would become:

1App.Router.map(function() {
2  this.resource('artists', function() {
3    this.route('songs', { path: ':slug/songs' });
4    this.route('info',  { path: ':slug/info' });
5  });

The cracks start to show. The artist for both the artists.songs and the artists.info routes would have to be fetched in both routes, with identical code. Nested routes -and how it lends itself to a nested UI- is truly a masterpiece, a shining emerarld on Ember's crown. It would be a pity not to take advantage of it.

DRY up those routes

So we established that the problem is having the artist "encoded" in all routes below the top-level artists resource. The solution is consequently pretty straightforward -this always seems to be the case in retrospective-, let's extract the path segment that represents the artist:

1App.Router.map(function() {
2  this.resource('artists', function() {
3    this.resource('artist', { path: ':slug' }, function() {
4      this.route('songs');
5    });
6  });

With the introduction of the artist resource, the duplication is gone, but we are not done yet. First, we have to define the route and set up its model hook. Second, since the "routing table" has changed, we'll have to adjust route names and code that uses them. Since the naming conventions in Ember have the route names as their basis, we'll probably have to change code in several places.

Route changes

Resource routes reset the routing namespace, so the route that corresponds to the artist route name in the table is App.ArtistRoute:

 1App.ArtistRoute = Ember.Route.extend({
 2  model: function(params) {
 3    return Ember.RSVP.Promise(function(resolve, reject) {
 4      App.Adapter.ajax('/artists/' + params.slug).then(function(data) {
 5        resolve(App.Artist.createRecord(data));
 6      }, function(error) {
 7        reject(error);
 8      });
 9    });
10  }

That is exactly what we had for App.ArtistsSongsRoute in the previous version, which makes sense. The artist is now fetched one route level higher.

For simple, non-resource routes, the name of the route is the name of the resource route above (if it exists) plus the name of the route itself. In this case, the route name is artist.songs which gets resolved as App.ArtistSongsRoute):

 1App.ArtistSongsRoute = Ember.Route.extend({
 2  model: function(params) {
 3    return this.modelFor('artist').get('songs');
 4  },
 6  setupController: function(controller, model) {
 7    this._super(controller, model);
 8    controller.set('artist', this.modelFor('artist'));
 9  },
10  (...)

The first interesting thing is modelFor. It gets the model for another, already resolved route. In Ember route models are resolved stepping down from the top-level application route. That means that at this point we can be certain that the artist route already has its model, the artist instance resolved.

The model of this route is simply the songs belonging to that artist.

The other interesting bit is setupController. We have already come across this hook before; it is the place to do additional setup -above fetching the model and deciding which template to render- for the controller. Since we'll want to display artist-related data in the template, we store it in an artist property and we make sure to call _super, the implementation of this hook in Ember.Route, that sets the controller's model property to the model argument in this method.

Templates & controllers

The mechanical part of the routing update is to replace all occurrences of the artists.songs route name to artist.songs.

What deserves more attention is that the controller for artist.songs now has the songs of the artist as its model, not the artist itself. That means that we should adjust the controller type it extends:

 1App.ArtistSongsController = Ember.ArrayController.extend({
 2  artist: null,
 4  newSongPlaceholder: function() {
 5    return 'New ' + this.get('artist.name') + ' song';
 6  }.property('artist.name'),
 8  songCreationStarted: false,
 9  canCreateSong: function() {
10    return this.get('songCreationStarted') || this.get('length');
11  }.property('songCreationStarted', 'length'),
13  (...)

All changes are made necessary by the model change. Properties of the artist now need to be prefixed by artist (e.g name => artist.name) while properties of the songs no longer need to have the songs prefix since it is the model (e.g songs.length => length).

This also holds true of the template. To give an example, rendering the stars for each song can becomes more concise:

 1<script type="text/x-handlebars" data-template-name="artist/songs">
 2  (...)
 3  {{#each}}
 4    <div class="list-group-item">
 5      {{title}}
 6      {{star-rating item=this rating=rating maxRating=5 setAction="setRating"}}
 7    </div>
 8  {{else}}
 9  (...)

The #each helper, without parameters, loops through the items in the model of the template, in our case, the songs, which is exactly what we want.

That wraps up our route sanitizaion. In the next post, we will take advantage of the benefit that the songs route now has the artist's songs as its model.

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